Research

Medicaid Expansion has Saved Lives

The recent rise in Americans’ death rates is a crisis for the lowest-earning men. They are dying about 15 years younger than the highest-earners due to everything from obesity to opioids. Women with the lowest earnings are living 10 years less.

But healthcare policy is doing what it’s supposed to in the states that expanded their Medicaid coverage to more low-income people under the Affordable Care Act (ACA): helping to stem the tide by making low-income people healthier.

An analysis by the Center for Poverty Research at the University of California, Davis, found that death rates have declined in the states that chose to expand Medicaid coverage. The study focused on people between ages 55 and 64 – not quite old enough to enroll in Medicare.

Graph of number of lives saved Medicaid has “saved lives in the states where [expansion] occurred,” UC-Davis researchers found. They estimated that 15,600 more lives would have been saved nationwide if every state had covered more of their low-income residents.

This is one of many studies that takes advantage of the ability to compare what is happening to residents’ well-being in states that expanded their Medicaid programs with the states that did not.  Progress has come on many fronts.

In expansion states, rural hospitals, which are struggling nationwide, have had more success in keeping their doors open. By covering more adults, more low-income children have been brought into the program, which one study found reduces their applications for federal disability benefits as adults. And low-income residents’ precarious finances improved in states where Medicaid expansion reduced their healthcare costs.

UC-Davis’ research is more evidence of the program’s impact. After states started expanding their Medicaid programs in 2014, their disease-related death rate declined every year between 2014 and 2017 – for a total of nearly 10 percent – the researchers said.

They also confirmed that more older people increased their use of emergency and hospital care, as well as prescription drugs to manage chronic medical problems. The reason: they could afford to.

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2 Responses to Medicaid Expansion has Saved Lives

  1. Dave G says:

    I’ve had some experience working with “dual eligibles” who have both Medicare and Medicaid. Insurers have developed effective Medicare Advantage (Part C) plans serving this population plus others in “Special Needs Plans” tailored to hose with chronic illnesses like diabetes. These plans are proof private insurance can work in partnership with govt. to serve otherwise neglected needs.

    If we were serious about expanding Medicare, Congress would be wise to examine successful Part C plans as a template for action. It surprises me that no current presidential candidates even mention public-private partnership initiatives or how such a system could work. And I’ve seen how both Part C plans and ACA plans have saved lives of those who had no access to insurance otherwise.

    The current debate takes an all or nothing approach: It is either totally govt. run or totally private insurance when the reality is, neither works well without the support of the other. Time to drop the rhetoric and get to work solving problems for our country.

  2. All Americans should be embarrassed that we alone among wealthy western democracies do not offer medical care at affordable cost to all of our citizens. Health care is NOT “just another consumer choice,” as some would contend. You can get by with an outdated cell phone or a car with high mileage. You cannot get by if you need major cancer surgery and are then pushed into bankruptcy paying for it. We can and must do better.